lie

lie
lay, lie
These two words cause confusion even to native speakers of English because their meanings are related and their forms overlap. Lay is a transitive verb, i.e. it takes an object, and means ‘to place on a surface, to cause to rest on something’; its past form and past participle are both laid. (examples: Please lay it on the floor / The teacher laid the book on the desk / They had laid it on the floor / Babies should be laid down to sleep on their backs). Lie is intransitive, and means ‘to rest or be positioned on a surface’; its past form is lay (i.e. identical with the present form of the other verb), its present participle is lying, and its past participle is lain (examples: Go and lie on the bed / She went and lay on the bed / He is lying on the bed / The body had lain in the field for several days). The principal mistakes in the use of these verbs are using lay for lie, laid for lay (past of lie), and lain for laid: ☒ We are going to lay [read: lie]

• under the stars by the sea —Sun, 1990

• ☒ Standing in a semicircle, we had lain [read: laid] all our uniforms and possessions at our feet —C. Jennings, 1990

• ☒ It was very uncomfortable and painful especially when I laid [read: lay] down to sleep —Mirror, 2003.

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lie
= tell an untruth, has inflected forms lies, lied, lying.

Modern English usage. 2014.

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  • lie — lie …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • lie — [ li ] n. f. • 1120; lias VIIIe; gaul. °liga 1 ♦ Dépôt qui se forme au fond des récipients contenant des boissons fermentées. ⇒ fèces, résidu. Lie de cidre, de bière. Spécialt Lie de vin, ou absolt la lie. « Il ne sentait pas le vin, il sentait… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lié — lie [ li ] n. f. • 1120; lias VIIIe; gaul. °liga 1 ♦ Dépôt qui se forme au fond des récipients contenant des boissons fermentées. ⇒ fèces, résidu. Lie de cidre, de bière. Spécialt Lie de vin, ou absolt la lie. « Il ne sentait pas le vin, il… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lie — 1. (lie) s. f. 1°   Ce qu il y a de plus grossier dans une liqueur et qui va au fond. •   Avant qu aller si vite, au moins je le supplie Savoir que le bon vin ne peut être sans lie, RÉGNIER Sat. XII. •   La coupe où nous buvons a toujours une lie …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Lie — Lie, v. i. [imp. {Lay} (l[=a]); p. p. {Lain} (l[=a]n), ({Lien} (l[imac] [e^]n), Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. {Lying}.] [OE. lien, liggen, AS. licgan; akin to D. liggen, OHG. ligen, licken, G. liegen, Icel. liggja, Sw. ligga, Dan. ligge, Goth. ligan,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • LIE (S.) — À la fin du XIXe siècle, le mathématicien norvégien Marius Sophus Lie a posé les fondements d’une des théories les plus centrales des mathématiques contemporaines, la théorie des groupes de Lie, dont la puissance s’est révélée considérable, et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lie — lie1 [lī] vi. lay, lain, lying [ME lien < 2d & 3d pers. sing. of earlier liggen < OE licgan, to lie, akin to Ger liegen < IE base * legh , to lie, lay oneself down > L lectus & Gr lēchos, bed, lōchos, lair] 1. to be or put oneself in… …   English World dictionary

  • lie# — lie vb Lie, prevaricate, equivocate, palter, fib mean to tell an untruth directly or indirectly. Lie is the straightforward word, flatly imputing dishonesty to the speaker {he lies, and he knows he lies Johnson} {the article . . . has… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • lie — Ⅰ. lie [1] ► VERB (lying; past lay; past part. lain) 1) be in or assume a horizontal or resting position on a supporting surface. 2) be or remain in a specified state. 3) reside or be found. 4) …   English terms dictionary

  • Lie — (l[imac]), n. [AS. lyge; akin to D. leugen, OHG. lugi, G. l[ u]ge, lug, Icel. lygi, Dan. & Sw. l[ o]gn, Goth. liugn. See {Lie} to utter a falsehood.] 1. A falsehood uttered or acted for the purpose of deception; an intentional violation of truth; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lie to Me — Logo original de la série Titre original Lie to Me Autres titres francophones Lie to Me : Crimes et Mensonges (Québec) Genre Série d …   Wikipédia en Français

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